Mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086, the village would have belonged to the Abbess of Wilton until the dissolution of the monasteries in 1539 by Henry VIII. However, there is evidence of earlier settlement dating back to the Bronze Age and Roman period. There is an interesting connection with Chilmark, a township in Massachusetts in America with Thomas Macey, one of Chilmark’s sons and his cousin Thomas Mayhew from Tisbury, who bought island development rights there. The Macey family name still lives on in America today as the owners of the famous Macy stores in New York. The 13th Century church dedicated to St. Margaret of Antioch and built of fine Chilmark stone, is worth a visit. To the north west of the church in fields, great sheep fairs were held in the 17th and 18th Centuries.
Chilmark Quarries. Chilmark is very well known for its stone used in the building of world famous Salisbury Cathedral 12 miles away. Quarries for extracting stone were even in existence during the Roman era. During the Middle Ages, most of the men of the Parish would have worked in near darkness in the quarries often suffering injury or even death. In 1936, the quarries were taken over by the MOD and used for storage. Today, there is still some quarrying of the stone in nearby Chicksgrove Quarry.